Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa, GCB, R.E. (Spanish pronunciation: ( listen); born 18 August 1962) is a Mexican politician who served as President of Mexico from 1 December 2006 to 30 November 2012. He is a member of the National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional, PAN), one of the three major Mexican political parties.
Prior to the presidency, Calderón received two master's degrees and went on to work within the PAN while it was still an important opposition party. Calderón served as National President of the party, Federal Deputy, and Secretary of Energy in Vicente Fox's cabinet. He served in the cabinet of the previous administration up until he resigned to run for the Presidency and secured his party's nomination.
The Federal Electoral Institute's official electoral results gave Calderón a tiny lead (less than 1% of advantage of the total votes) above PRD candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador. Calderón's victory was confirmed months later on September 5, 2006, by the Federal Electoral Tribunal.